Read Me First
Schrödinger Applet

All files are also available from

Java-active browsers have only recently learned how to read and write. To enjoy the ability to save files and reuse them and print the results that you calculate, please read the appropriate sections below. All other features work on Java-active browsers (Netscape 2.0 and later and Internet Explorer 3.0 and later) on all common architectures (Unix, Windows, Apple).

For the curious or the expert, we describe below how we made the Applet and how to rebuild it (in case you want to add your own changes). If you don't care about that now and do not mind if clicking the "print", "read" and "write" buttons produces nothing, then skip directly to the Applet. It has self contained documentation. Bookmark that link to bypass this "readme".
You can always come back for the information once you decide you wish you could print or save your work.

Finally, we suggest that you print the documentation out and keep it next to you the first time you go through that Applet. The Applet is self-documented, so click on the PDF or PostScript version to make hardcopy.

For the studious, read on below. For the adventurous, jump right in and enjoy.

  1. IO Operations
    For full functionality of all IO operations the Applet requires Netscape 4.06 which should be available at Netscape's usual download site.

    Currently, Internet Explorer 4.0 is the next best option if you do not have access to Navigator 4.06. With IE 4.0, the Applet printing button fails, but the work around below will allow you to get a printed picture of the Applet with your results graphed.

  2. Security Issues
    The Applet requires permissions to save and print results.
  3. Functionality on other systems and browsers
    The Applet has been tested on a number of different operating systems and browsers. Here are the results of our tests on various browsers. We have tested it on Linux, SunOS, HP-UX, IRIX, and Windows NT.
  4. Running as an application rather than an applet
    If you prefer, the Schrödinger solver can be run as a Java application rather than an applet. This circumvents all Browsers problems including the security issues, since all applications always have full permissions. To use it this way, you need to have a Java Run Time Environment (JRE) or Java Development Kit (JDK) installed. See the JDK references below. If you are running a Sun or Sun derived version of Java, then you can run the applet by typing
    java  Seq2Window
    at a command prompt while in the directory Schroedinger/classes.
  5. Browser problem work arounds for Printing and File Read/write
    If the Browser doesn't support Java 1.1, there is no way to read or write files. A screen image of the Applet can be made fairly easily and printed. Pop up a separate applet window, and then use the usual method to print a screen dump of the window.
  6. How to get a copy of the Applet

    Normally, if you are reading this, you already have the applet. If you want to tell someone else how to get it the simplest way is to download the gzipped tar file. You can then use
    gunzip -c S.tar.gz |tar -xovf -
    or the equivalent for your operating system to unpack the tar file. Free versions of gzip and tar are available. See the GNU project web page and its links.

    The authors will maintain a copy of the applet with current (August, 1998) and subsequent updates for an undetermined length of time. Send mail to the authors for the dowload site information.

  7. Building the Applet from Scratch

    Once you have a copy of the Applet, you are free to change it and redistribute it in accordance with the Gnu Public License.

    To build the applet from source you need a Java Development Kit from Sun Microsystems at, or Linux users may prefer the most recent from the Java-Linux porting project at or you may find other related development kits.

    We have used both JDK1.1.3 and JDK1.1.5. You will also need JavaCC (Java Compiler compiler) from to build our parser generator written using JJtree. JJtree is part of the JavaCC distribution. Note we used JavaCC version 0.7 which is compatible with JDK1.0 so that older browsers would be functional, but the newer 0.8 version also works it just produces code that requires JDK1.1. A makefile that works in Unix/Linux is distributed in the javasrc directory. You will have to modify the first few lines to point to the various directories on your system. If you are compiling under a different operating system, the Makefile should still indicate the operations needed to build the system. Under Unix/Linux typing make will build all the java class files.

    To build the documentation, you will need Latex2e, the makeidx, graphicx packages (these normally come with the tetex distribution all available at the Comprehensive Tex Archive Network sites, see for example You will also need the latex2html translator and the associated html package from If you want to make an Adobe PDF file you will need a copy of Adobe Acrobat. PDF files look best with PostScript Type 1 fonts available at There is a makefile in the docsrc directory that will go through all the steps necessary to build the pdf, postscript, and html files.

    Under Unix/Linux, typing make in the Schroedinger directory (once the Makefile in javasrc has been modified as mentioned above) will produce the entire distribtution. Typing make clean will get rid of multiple copies of some files, and typing make veryclean will keep only those files necessary to rebuild the distribution from scratch.

    Additional documentation on the source code is available in javadoc format.

    We also provide the applet in a full JDK1.1 version using the Java Foundation Classes light weight components (i.e. the swing set). This version is available in the swing subdirectory and includes a customizable Examples menu (by changing the file), customized look and feel, as well as some built in help. In addition it uses the Java internationalization, so that all the labels and examples etc. can be changed to other languages by including localized versions of the and files (That is adding and files will cause these files to be used if your locale is set to use Italian.)

    You can try out this swing version by pointing your browser at the test.html file in the swing subdirectory. You can also run it as an application by typing

    java Seq2Swing
    while in the swing subdirectory.
Last updated: August 24, 1998